Prison Inequality

Introduction

Research projects are many, but each one assumes a specific formality that sets it apart from the rest of the existing studies in the field. One might be tempted to think that individuals in prison receive equal rights to citizens outside the jail, but that is not the case. On most occasions, prison services are targeted to victimize particular groups of inmates. Women, for instance, are subject to multiple instances of brutality. Out of 70 % of inmates in different prisons within the world, 30% are subjected to massive inequality, and they fail to assume legal procedures seeking justice (Durante, 2017). Arguably, in prisons, individuals enclosed are criminals and enemies of the law, but that does not justify the reason for their objectification and subjection to mistreatments. Inequality ranges from gender, services, and observance of fundamental human rights. In particular, women are offered fewer programs as compared to men, and also the law appears to be less concerned with the path that led to their criminal justice. 

           While the number of prisons around the world has increased, it is worth noting that the number of men prisons is higher than that of women. Within the last decade, the ratio of increase stood at 81 against 45 %, respectively.73 % of inmates are recorded to have mental problems contacted while they were in prison (Durante, 2017). The values are an indication of possible brutality in prison, and therefore understanding the basicity of the issue will open up ways on how to mitigate the problem. While the master project points out to the sorry state of prisoners around the globe, the research will offer an excursion through the problem and shed some specific facts. The detailed plan will expound more on actual issues battled with by the inmates. Generally, the research will provide an overview of the condition and state of brutality and inequality in prisons. Besides, it will look into a possible action plan that can be actualized as an approach to revert the disparity.

Problem statement 

           When one is executing research, it is normal for the researcher to have some imagination about the ideal situation. In such an approach, it cannot be possible to evaluate the actual issues to be addressed in the study. However, once the problem is passed from the prisoner’s mouth, it will be a simple task to generate an informed conclusion. In the research issues revolving around prisoners, brutality will be addressed in detail, and narrowing down to specific information will perform an excellent outcome. For instance, health is one issue that is exploited by the wardens and delivered to the inmates as a brutal act (Edström et al., 2016). It is common to find prisoners being subjected to thorough beatings which are against the law. Injuries and physical damage to the body are apparent results attached to such brutal cases. Again, sexual brutality is rampant in prisons and individuals within such settings are left with no option than to conform and accept sexual assault. Rape cases in prisons are myriad and minimal authorities, and organization rarely speak and fight over the issue. Moreover, congestion and favouritism are among the problems that prisoners face, and they happen to inequality when assed from a civil or scholarly approach.

Therefore to conclude in developing well-informed research, specific questions will have to be addressed and approaching the problem quantitatively will build up a better understanding of the same (Edström et al., 2016). Therefore, there is a need to assess the particular inmates according to their crimes and the level of inequality and brutality faced by each one of them. Thus, the following questions will act to guide the researcher in developing a scholarly article that can be utilized for secondary studies in future.

 

  1. What is the growth rate of incarceration using America Prisons as a case study for the last ten years? 
  2. What issues are faced by prisoners and the number of individuals’ affected on average?
  3. What are the Impacts associated with prison brutality and the percentage of impact on the economic and social life of an inmate?
  4. What is the percentage of transformation and rehabilitation subjected to brutality as compared to those who were lucky to escape brutality?
  5. What causes brutality in prisons?
  6. Which strategies can be utilized to eliminate inequality in prisons?

All the above queries will be based on American prisons as a case study to gauge the outcomes and the situation in other nations around the world.

Objectives 

The long term goal of the study is to develop a revolutionized prison system that will nature prisoners to better individuals as compared to subjecting them to torture. Once the research queries are answered, it will be possible to spearhead operations that will fight for the rights of the inmates. It should be understood that committing a crime does not change one from being human to an alien. The custodial settings impose a limitation, and myriad restrictions are not practically functional (Edström et al., 2016). Therefore incorporating the outcomes of the research to fulfil the goal of the human rights activist will serve as leeway to a better prison world. Again the study will be aiming to eliminate the political philosophy revolving around the prisons. It will also help the world well if the research sets out some background need to segment the jails based on the level of crime and the criminal sentence. After completion of the project, the investigation will be looking forward to eliminating the famous philosophy of us against them. In the end, it should be understood that human beings are equal and therefore offering them dignity in any environment there are in will act to fulfil the basic principle of honouring life (Edström et al., 2016). The outcome of the study will be valuable to all stakeholders in the prison department as well as the other related sectors like the health department. Conclusively the study will be directing its efforts to leave a landmark change of protocols and systems in the prisons.

Literature Review 

Preliminary review in the literature review indicates that primary studies were focused on assessing the correlation between the number of inmates, criminal activities and mental conditions only. There is no single article to evaluate the specific condition and inequality issues faced by inmates while in custody. The first study excited before were relevant and direct to the point. Their objectives and research questions were well-outlined, serving as a strength in the articles. The reliability was high, and they expounded higher levels of readability. Any reader could have gone through the materials and captured the thematic concerns outlined. Thus, the strongholds of the articles validated their recognition in the current era. Dually, the contents were not keen on including quantitive data; the majority of the information was qualitative, thus failing to address the ideal situations statistically (Rocque, 2017). In particular, the articles were unable to utilize the adverse technological approach, therefore, failing to possess credible competing power with the current study.

The current research remains relevant since a topic on prison brutality and inequality have never been covered before. Additionally, the project appears to capture the actual situation faced by inmates. It will likely attract a massive following, which will strengthen the quest to attain set goals and objectives. This study is still relevant since the methodology to be utilized will leave no room for error considering the technological incorporation in the survey. It will be an informed study that will actualize the factual basis of why prisoners are always dull and unwilling to corporate in the rehabilitation period (Rocque, 2017). Any human is bound to resist anything that appears to haunt or ruin their psychological well-being. Arguably, case studies will be the centre of the project with pseudonyms of individuals narrating the actual encounters as they appear in the custody houses. It will be a combination of survey and experimental resort that will narrow down all the required information to be tabled in different organizations.

Methodology 

The primary objective of the study will be surveys and questionnaires. The methods will be drafted in line with the purposes of the study. Each technique will be expounding on how to acquire responses for specific research questions or the combined considerations in totality. The findings will be analytic, and contribution percentage will not eliminate any methodology utilized in the study. Online questionnaires will be issued to seek a response from the inmates who are free citizens around the world and America in particular. Moreover, the sample groups will be clustered separately and required to respond to the research questions (Wildeman & Wang, 2017). Related stakeholders in the prison sector will also be requested to offer some statical reports issued out for the last ten years. If the cards fail to act following the plan, turning the tables will always be a plan in the table. Additionally, the observations will be assessed both, directly and indirectly, using the video camera technology existing in the current era.

The respondents will be asked in an interview setting that will exclude any of the officials in charge of the inmates. Moreover, case studies will be conducted around different prisons using the same methodologies and similar research questions from different responds. It is hoped that by the end of the three months, the activity will have developed an informed judgement over the research questions and the answers offered. Case studies will not be limited to the sample groups selected, and it will assume a volunteer-based approach in securing corporative individuals willing to unmask the ills residing within the prison world on matters inequality (Wildeman & Wang, 2017). Observational trials will serve to cement the responses acquired at the beginning of the research since judging by personal experience will offer some basis to argue and validate the facts. Therefore once the study is conducted between April and September 2020, it is hoped that the outcomes will suffice the objectives and forge possible recommendations on the way forward.

 References

Durante, K. (2017). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Prison Admissions across Counties: An Evaluation of Racial/Ethnic Threat, Socioeconomic Inequality, and Political Climate Explanations. Race and Justice10(2), 176-202. https://Doi.org/10.1177/2153368717738038

Edström, J., Kumar Singh, S., & Shahrokh, T. (2016). Intersectionality: A Key for Men to Break Out of the Patriarchal Prison? IDS Bulletin47(5). https://Doi.org/10.19088/1968-2016.167

Rocque, M. (2017). The Prison School: Educational Inequality and School Discipline in the Age of Mass Incarceration. Journal of Criminal Justice Education29(3), 476-479. https://Doi.org/10.1080/10511253.2017.1310476

Wildeman, C., & Wang, E. (2017). Mass Incarceration, Public Health, and Widening Inequality in the USA. The Lancet389(10077), 1464-1474. https://Doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736 (17)30259-3